ICECRD INFO – Peatlands in Indonesia are quite extensive, around 10 million ha spread over several large islands such as Sumatra, Kalimantan and Papua (Haryono, 2013). A small part of this land has been used for plantation crops such as the Liberica coffee plant. Peatlands that have been used for Liberika coffee plants are in the Riau Islands and Jambi.
In the Riau Archipelago, the distribution area for Liberika coffee is in the Meranti and Merbabu Islands with an area of 1,100 ha and a production of 676.87 tons (Forestry and Plantation Service of the Meranti Islands, 2015). In Jambi Province, Liberika coffee is grown in Muaro Jambi, Tanjung Jabung Barat (Tanjabbar) and Tanjung Jabung Timur with an area of about 3,000 ha (BPS, Tanjung Jabung Barat, 2017)
Liberica coffee has a distinctive taste, different from Robusta or Arabica coffee. This commodity is the main source of livelihood for some local communities in the Tanjung Jabung Barat and Meranti Islands. Liberika coffee has its own market, namely Malaysia and Singapore.
One of the problems in Liberika coffee cultivation is the attack of plant pest organisms (OPT). The survey results in the areas of Tanjung Jabung Barat, Jambi and the Meranti Islands found several diseases on Liberika coffee plants, namely root fungus, leaf rust, red rust and leaf spot. (Anjas)
For details Download the following Fulltext: Infotekbun Vol. 12 No. 4, April 2020