The Production and Quality Improvement of Big White Ginger Seed Rhizomes by Plant Growth Regulator Aplication

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ESTATE CROPS NEW – The main problems in the development of big white ginger plant (BWG) is the limited availability of quality seed rhizomes in sufficient quantities, at the time required by the user. Its caused by the production and quality of seed rhizomes are still low, and the seed rhizomes weight are rapidly shrinking and sprouting when in the storage. This Overview aims to inform users about the character of the pattern of growth, the balance of hormonal and physiological changes that are primarily focused on the production and seed quality improvement BWG through the application of plant growth regulator (PGR). Increased production and quality can be achieved by the use of quality seed rhizomes obtained through: determination of growth patterns, hormonal balance regulation, both naturally (microclimate regulation), as well as by application of growth regulators (ZPT) during the production process in the field and in storage. Some research results showed that: (1) The growth pattern of the canopy and GWB seed rhizomes during its formation and development is generally classified into three phases: slow phase 1-4 months after planting (MAP), fast (> 4-6 MAP), and maturty (> 6 BST). (2) Differences in planting location and harvest age affect the balance pattern of plant endogenous hormones (ABA / GA and ABA / cytokinin (zeatin) hormone ratios) and the BWG seed rhizomes quality. ABA / cytokinin ratios are higher in BWG seedlings aged 7 MAP (5.0) and 8 MAP (4.7) compared to 9 MAP (4.2) for seed rhizomes from Nagrak, so they are able to trigger and maintain dormancy so Its are more resistant to storage. (3) The dormancy period of BWG seed rhizomes break after stored for 2 months and this is a critical period or an appropriate period for sprouting inhibition treatment. (4) Application of PBZ 400 ppm increased production and quality of BWG seed rhizomes, namely: wet weight (22%) and number of branch rhizomes (68%) with rhizome characteristics: small, short and filled out internodes compared without PBZ. (5) Application of PBZ 1000 ppm, at a storage temperature of 20-22 ÂșC, can reduce weight loss by 15% compared to control, after stored for 4 months and also can reduce the sprouting percentage of rhizomes by 26% after stored for 3 months.

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