The weekly online seminar of the Indonesian Palm Crops Research Institute (IPCRI) is different from the previous series of online seminars. Is an audio visual playback of Desiccated Coconut processing or coconut flour at PT. RCI, where the Head of Balit Palma Dr.Ir. Ismail Maskromo, MSi. see first hand the processing process. In this case explained by the Production Manager of PT. RCI, Mr. Ronny Mandagi, explained that the production capacity of 200-250 tons / day produces 1 container of around 1100-1200 bags / day.
The 11th weekly online seminar series for IPCRI was held on Wednesday, September 16, 2020 with the topic “Global Desiccated Coconut Market Opportunities When the Pandemic Has Not Passed”. The event was opened by Host Helmitar Yulia, Amd.TP at the location at the DC processing unit at PT. Royal Coconut Indonesia (RCI), located in Airmadidi, North Minahasa Regency, North Sulawesi.
During the COVID-19 pandemic, the company had no problems, the supply of coconut was still in North Sulawesi, it could be from Gorontalo too. DC processing at PT. RCI is as follows: 1) Decrease of Coconut from Truck to open warehouse, not exposed to direct heat, 2) Sorting coconut based on broken coconut / not, the size of the coconut, for production using the right size, 3) Coconut opening, to peel target coconut shells 2400 coconut grains / day divided into 2 shifts at 05.00-13.00 and 13.00-21.00, 4) Peel the coconut husks in the perer section so that the flour is white, the coconut water is removed, then goes to the production unit 5) Washing the coconut meat after sorting it from dirt paring, 6) Grinding with a grinder will be like a form of wet dregs, 7) Enter the Blansher, the function of killing bacteria / germs in wet milled coconut,
The speakers in the 11th online seminar series were the President Director of PT. RCI, Harry Azhar, SE who delivered “Success Story and Opportunities for Coconut Agribusiness Development”. DC product from PT. RCI has also been certified with SNI, Halal MUI, KOSHER, and HACCP to ensure that every stage of the manufacturing process goes well. KOSHER certified means Halal according to the Jewish nation. Then the food safety aspect, laboratory tests such as moisture and bacteria content, if it meets the new requirements, can be exported. Other products produced by PT. Besides DC, RCI is a coconut water product “Beta Coco”, a coconut milk product “Santang” which is packaged with tetra pack with aseptic packaging technology to preserve nutrition and coconut drinks.
Alit Pirmansah from the International Coconut Community (ICC) conveyed related “Global Desiccated Coconut Market Opportunity During the Pandemic” In 2019 (Before the Covid-19 Pandemic) the DC world market of 42% was supplied by the Philippines, then Indonesia 19%, Sri Lanka 12%, etc., many requests to countries USA 11.2%, Netherlands 7.8%, Singapore 5.6%, etc. During the COVID-19 pandemic there was a decline in exports in Sri Lanka by -13%. BPS data for January-May 2020 exports of all coconut products from the Philippines and Indonesia have increased (not affected). DC demand in the USA and the European Union saw a decrease in the volume of demand respectively -27 to -19%. DC Philippines exports from January-May 2019 and 2020 saw an increase of 20%, while in Indonesia from January-July 2019 and 2020 there was an increase in exports of 28%.
The resource persons’ presentation was then discussed by Postharvest researcher of IPCRI Patrik M.asang, STP, MT. The DC market is very wide / open, both domestically and abroad. Dry grated coconut home snack products are numerous. Data from 11 industrial supermarkets that use DC are Cocola, Nissin with the most variants, Aneka Indo Makmur, Arnold which produces Good Time, coconut flavor, combine with cereals, garuda food (Gery, Malkist coconut), Khong-Guan, Hatari, Cap Orang Tua , Mayora (Roma Biscuit Kelapa), Vercade, and Kalpa a mixture of chocolate and coconut. The discussant also mentioned that besides being used as a food product, for non-food products DC is used as a cosmetic ingredient because there is still oil content in it. Almost all Industrial, because DC handling is not easy for small scale. The price of coconut grain for DC is quite stable compared to copra. He also explained that the process in DC starts from wet coconut, half wet, and dry, then DC is cooled first before packaging. There are 3 DC sizes, namely Medium, fine, and extra fine, which are the most popular, medium and extra fine. Packaging with 3 layers of paper on the outside, then plastic to maintain its quality. There should be a coconut replanting program by the company to help the coconut supplier farmers. and extra fine, which is the most popular medium and extra fine. Packaging with 3 layers of paper on the outside, then plastic to maintain its quality. There should be a coconut replanting program by the company to help the coconut supplier farmers. and extra fine, which is the most popular medium and extra fine. Packaging with 3 layers of paper on the outside, then plastic to maintain its quality. We recommend that there be a coconut replanting program by the company to help the coconut supplier farmers.
The moderator this time is Dr. Asthutiirundu, S.Hut., MP who led the online seminar with energetic and interesting.
Closing Statement from Resource Persons: 1) Pak Azhar needs to synergize all government parties and entrepreneurs to think about all things related to coconut, North Sulawesi is still reducing coconut land, 2) Mr. all work together to bring our farmers even more prosperous. Salam Kelapa Kayalah Indonesian Coconut Farmers (AYP, AI, 16092020)