ESTATE CROPS NEWS – Optimization and evaluation of cryopreservation methods should be conducted to obtain standard protocol for long term conservation of pruatjan. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of combined treatments of pregrowth, preculture, and recovery media to the survival and regeneration rate of in vitro shoots and embryogenic calli and to evaluate the cryopreservation methods by observing the morphological, anatomical, and cytological characters.
The techniques of vitrification (for apex) and encapsulation-vitrification (for embryogenic calli) were applied in this study. On vitrification technique, the apical shoots were pregrown on media containing of 3, 4, 5, and 6% sucrose for 1 and 2 weeks, precultured on media containing of 0,3 M sucrose for 1 and 3 days, dehydrated by PVS2 solution for 15 and 30 minutes, and planted on recovery media (MS or DKW basal media supplemented with 20 ppm adenine sulphate). On encapsulation-vitrification technique, embryogenic calli were encapsulated by 3% Na-alginate, dehydrated by PVS2 solution for 0, 30, and 60 minutes. The evaluation of cryopreservation methods was done through visual observation, SEM analysis, viability test, and flowcytometry determination.
The result showed that encapsulationvitrification was better than vitrification technique for cryopreservation of pruatjan. The successful rate of this method was low (10%) but the embryogenic calli could proliferate and regenerate into thousands mature somatic embryos. The evaluation by SEM and FDA can be applied as early detection to estimate the successful of cryopreservation, whereas flowcytometry analysis may determine the genetic stability of cryopreserved materials. (\Ika Roostika, Ireng Darwati, and Rita Megia)
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