Indonesian Center For Estate Crops Research and Development (ICECRD) strongly supports the implementation of the directive of the President of the Republic of Indonesia, Mr. Joko Widodo, to improve Indonesia’s food security and independence through land intensification and expansion (extensification) in suitable areas. ICECRD also strongly supports the implementation of breakthroughs through the food estate model with integrated models in an upstream and downstream manner that is sustainable in the long term.
Head of ICECRD, Ir. Syafaruddin, Ph.D. states that the land potential for intensification and extensification nationally is 119.6 million hectares, which includes dry land and wetland (rice fields and swamps). In aggregate, 76.64% of the land is acidic land (with low pH) so it is classified as sub-optimal land (LSO). Of the total acid land, 107.3 million ha are acid dry land, 33.4 million ha are acid swamps and 5.7 million ha are wetlands / rice fields.
Furthermore, Syafaruddin emphasized that currently there have been many scientific studies in universities and research institutes as well as empirical experiences of farmers that the key to the success of optimizing acid land for intensification and extensification is through restoration (restoring soil). The restored acid land can support maize productivity from 4 tons to 12 tons per hectare (50-400%), rice production from 1.8 tons to 5-6 tons (200-300%), and soybeans from 0.5 to 1.2-1.8 tonnes (200-350%). Acid land restoration has also proven effective in increasing the production of crops, horticulture, plantations and timber.
In an effort to accelerate the implementation of the Food Estate program the ICECRD together with other Work Units (UK) are mandated to succeed the program through optimization of human resources and plantation innovation technology, especially for the development of coconut and empon-empon or medicinal plants in the existing 40 hectare yard. Location of development in the area of Center of Excelent Food Estate Blanti Siam, Kab. Pulang Pisau, Central Kalimantan.
To strengthen the preparation and implementation of these activities, the Head of Cooperation and Utilization of Research Results from the ICECRD, Dr. Tedy Dirhamsyah, SP., MAB and the Head of Program and Evaluation Division of the ICECRD, Dr. Rustan Massinai with the Head of the Indonesian Palm Crops Research Institute (IPCRI) Dr. Ir. Ismail Maskromo, M.Si. , Head of Indonesian Industrial & Bevarages Crops Research Institute (IIBCRI) Dr. Tri Joko Santoso, SP, M.Si . and the Food Estate Team of the IIndonesian Spice & Medicinal Crops Research Institute (ISMCRI)conducted a field study at the Food Estate location, especially plantation crops in Blanti Siam Village, who were transmigrants from Java Island in the 1980s with an area of approximately 60 hectares. Each farmer’s family head (KK) is given a yard of 0.25 ha (25 m wide and 100 m long). The remaining 0.125 ha of land can be used for the planting of Fast or Hybrid Coconut as much as 15-20 plants and other intercrops such as coffee, empon-empon, oranges, vegetables and others. Furthermore, the current population of Blanti Siam Village is 275 households, which are organized in 6 Katingan (Blok). If each yard is given 15 coconuts, it will require 4,125 coconut seeds ready for planting or 5,000 seeds.
Based on the results of the study, the coconut plant will be directed to produce sap which is processed into sugar. This can be done by farmers or other family members in the morning and evening. Owning a Quick Coconut plant of 15 trees per household will provide an opportunity to produce sap from 30-35 liters per day (2-3 liters per tree per day). Farmers only need to heat the sap until it boils, then it is sold to processing units in each Village Block per 50 households. Farmers can sell the juice for IDR 1,500-2,000 per liter depending on the sugar content, so the income per day is IDR 45,000-70,000.
Technical Guidance and mentoring activities will be carried out from IPCRI related to coconut cultivation, sap extraction and sugar processing. The number of coconut seeds needed for the location of Blanti Siam Village, Pulang Pisau, is 5,000. If the number is the same for the location of Kab. Kapuas, which means that a total of 10,000 seeds are needed to be sent from Manado.
Of course this program requires the efforts and hard work of all parties, especially the scope of the ICECRD. A similar sentiment was conveyed by the Head of IAARD during the B Meeting in Bogor, that all potential possessed by IAARD must be mobilized for the success of the food estate program. IAARD is the spearhead of this program, considering that this program is the condition of optimizing the best innovation technology. (Sae / Web Team)