Towards The Number One Cocoa Producer In The World

ESTATE CROPS NEWS – Population conciliation will bring the plant population to 1,100 plants with a plant spacing of 3 x 3 m, will increase production to 83.33% and land use under rubber plants as much as 1,778,846 ha will increase the cocoa area to 3,553,366, 1 ha, with productivity increasing to 1,320 kg / […]

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Chlorophyll Levels Of Cocoa Leaves Act At Different Development Phases

ESTATE CROPS NEWS – Cocoa plantations in general are cultivated by smallholders / farmers and private farmers in Indonesia, while noble cacao or Criollo is still limited to being cultivated by large state plantation companies. These two types have different mofrological characteristics and seed qualities. In its development, the cocoa leaves have different leaf color changes. The […]

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Regeneration Of Noble Cocoa Clones Through Somatic Embryogenesis

ESTATE CROPS INFO – Development of cocoa regeneration methods through somatic embryo-genesis has been carried out in several laboratories with different levels of efficiency depending on the composition of the media, growth regulators, types of explants and genotypes (Ajjah et al ., 2016, Ajijah, 2016, Ajijah and Hartati, 2016). The development of regeneration methods of noble cocoa through […]

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Cocoa National Movement (GERNAS) Between Expectations And Reality

PLANTATION INFO – The results of the PSEKP study showed that most of the farmers did not understand the Gernas Cocoa program, especially regarding SE technology, side grafting and shoot grafting, so that many failed in the replanting. The central government must encourage local governments to mobilize local extension workers to increase interaction with farmers in […]

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Ephestia Cautella, The Enemy Of Cocoa Beans In Savings

PLANTATION NEWS – Cocoa is a commodity that requires a long process before it can be enjoyed. Usually, cocoa harvested from the field then undergoes a drying and fermenting process. Before processing, cocoa is stored for some time in the storage room in the form of dry beans. One of the insects known to damage cocoa beans in […]

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Gamal (Glyricidia Maculata) Young Leaf Extract Control Cocoa Fruit Pentil Withers

PLANTATION NEWS – Glyricidia plants as cocoa plants must be pruned regularly (2-3 times / year). The results of the pruning can be used as a source of body horon that is extracted from young leaves. Old leaves can be used as organic fertilizer for cocoa plants. Cocoa nipple wilt can be controlled by utilizing protective leaf trimming waste ( Glyricidia ) which […]

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Penyakit Jamur Upas (Upasia salmonicolor) pada Tanaman Kakao

BERITA PERKEBUNAN – Jamur upas atau yang sering disebut sebagai pink disease merupakan penyakit yang ditemukan hampir di seluruh negara penghasil kakao. Penyakit ini disebabkan oleh aktivitas pathogen dari kelompok jamur basidiomycetes yaitu Upasia Salmonicolor pada tanaman. Patogen ini bersifat polifag yaitu memiliki beberapa inang antara lain, kopi, kakao, karet, teh, kina dan beberapa tanaman […]

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Morphological and Agronomics Diversity of COcoa Characteristics Local Promosing Clones Germplasm in South Sulawesi

Estate Crops News – Cocoa (Theobroma cacao  L.) is one of  important estate crops commodities which plays a role on Indonesian economy. South Sulawesi has a potency to generate superior clones of cocoa. A number of local cocoa clones from South Sulawesi has been recommended in rehabilitation and rejuvenation in the implementation of cocoa “Gernas” […]

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Field Performance of Cacao Somatic Embryos Derived Plants

Estate Crops News – Approximately 75 millions of cacao seedlings propagated through somatic embryogenesis (SE) have been planted in the field. Evaluation of the performance of those SE derived plants needs to be continued. The research aimed to evaluate the performance of the cacao SE derived plants in the field have been implemented in 8 […]

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Resistance of Cocoa to Black Pod Disease (Phytophthora palmivora Butl.)

ESTATE CROPS NEWS – The increase of cocoa production faces many problems such as black pod disease caused by Phytophthora palmivora. The disease may reduce the production of cocoa up to 44%. Control of the disease by chemical fungicides is costly and creates negative impact to humans and environment. Utilizing plant material which is resistant […]

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