ICECRD NEWS – The Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development (IAARD) Ministry of Agriculturerevealed that over the past 10 years it has released seven new high yielding varieties (VUB) of sugar cane as an effort to support the increase in national sugar production and productivity.
Researcher from Indonesian Sweetener & Fiber Crops Research Institute (ISFCRI) IAARD Ministry of Agriculture Bambang Heliyanto said sugarcane research in ISFCRI was based on Decree No. 4048/KP.330/12/2010 dated December 31, 2010, so that in early 2011, ISFCRI began to engage in sugarcane research and development. .
Within a decade, he continued, ISFCRI succeeded in developing two sugarcane VUBs, which were named PSMLG1 Agribun and PSMLG2 Agribun.
The productivity of the two varieties is 127-136 tons/ha with a yield of 7.5-10 percent, crystal 9.9-10.2 tons/ha and fiber content of 14 percent.
Through the development of local VUB, ISFCRI has also succeeded in releasing a local superior variety of sugarcane POJ 2878 Agribun Kelinci which is devoted to brown sugar production.
“The origin of this variety is from POJ 2878 during the Dutch colonial period,” said Bambang when he was a speaker at the webinar “Technology Support for Cultivation of Raw Sugar Cane for Improving Crystalline Productivity” which was held by ISFCRI on Thursday (2/7/2020).
He said, these varieties exist in the highlands of Kerinci, Jambi; Boast; and Aceh with sugarcane production of 109 tons/ha/year, high yield of brown sugar around 12.03 tons of brown sugar/ha/year, yield of 11-12 percent, and resistant to kepras/ratun.
Meanwhile, the Head of the Center for Plantation Research and Development (ICECRD) of the Ministry of Agriculture, Syafaruddin, added that his party also produced four superior sugarcane varieties, namely AAS Agribun, AMS Agribun, ASA Agribun and CMG Agribun.
“So, for a decade, the Agricultural Research and Development Agency has released seven varieties of sugar cane,” he said.
Researcher Balittas Subiyakto said, sugarcane cultivation is currently dominated by ratoon or kepras sugarcane which has a tendency to decrease productivity as the ratoon period increases.
According to him, farmers prefer to plant ratoon because planting new sugar cane requires high costs for unloading ratoon and procuring sugar cane seeds.
For this reason, he added, technological support for ratooning cane cultivation is needed to increase the productivity of sugarcane crystals.
“Indeed, we have recommended that ratoon treatment be recommended 3 times, but the practice of ratoon/kepras in some areas reaches 10-15 times. So that the care of this ratoon can be good, it needs a touch of technology, “said Subiyakto
Head of the East Java Province (Jatim) Plantation Service, Karyadi, admitted that sugarcane plantations in East Java were still repeated 10-15 times and farmers were still comfortable with this.
“Therefore, we must support if there is a ratoon treatment technology that can effectively increase the productivity of sugarcane crystals,” he said. (Anjas)