Manual Type Sugar Cane Budchip Tool

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ESTATE CROPS NEWS – Sugarcane ( Saccharum officinarum  L.) is a plantation crop that is included in the self-sufficiency program. Its development needs to be stimulated by providing some technological input, especially agricultural tools and machines. Most of the sugarcane plants in Indonesia are sugarcane farmers or people’s sugarcane. Sugarcane plantation area is 429.929 hectares (Ditjenbun, 2019).

The projected national consumption sugar demand in 2019 is 2.825 million tons. National production in 2016 only reached 2.212 million tons. The shortage of consumption sugar of 0.613 million tons was still met from imports. Self-sufficiency in consumption sugar can be achieved if improvements are made in the on-farm sector (area expansion, improvement of irrigation facilities and provision of production facilities, superior plant materials, cultivation technology and agricultural machinery), while in the off-farm sector (policy, revitalization and construction of new sugar factories). ) (Anonymous, 2006).

According to Djumali  et al . (2017) an increase in sugarcane productivity and yield can be achieved by using budchip seeds   This method was able to increase stem weight by 4.25-5.58% of mule seeds. Budchip seeds  are  able to produce more simultaneous and 55% more tiller growth than mule seeds (Loganandhan  et al. , 2012). Simultaneous tiller growth resulted in a more uniform stem weight than asynchronous tiller growth (Munsif  et al. , 2015). The uniformity of sugarcane stalk weight in one clump has a positive effect on the average stem weight (Singh and Gurpreet, 2015). Therefore budchip benih  seeds yields higher sugarcane stem weight than mule seeds.

Therefore, it is necessary to use bud chip seeds   more efficiently, where the sugarcane stalks after the shoots have been taken can still be used as milled sugar cane, as well as plant care using an appropriate oyot pedicle machine   , it is necessary to conduct research on  the stand system budchip machine test  . This is because Balittas has produced a  sugarcane budchip machine  (Purlani  et al ., 2016) which needs to be improved in terms of effectiveness and efficiency.

The budchip device  currently  available, still uses a sitting type bud-picking tool. Where, sugarcane stalks, which are about 6 months old, are cut down and the buds are taken. After that, the sugarcane stalks are piled up and spread again on the land after being crushed and waiting for it to rot. This takes a long time and is quite expensive. Therefore,  a stand-type budchip device was designed  that can take the buds without cutting the sugar cane. Sugarcane stalks taken from the buds can be used as milled sugarcane after waiting until the time of cutting.

The technology of the  sugarcane budchip tool  to obtain sugarcane seeds by taking the buds on the sugarcane stems from the plant stands in the field. So far, the harvesting of budchip sugarcane seeds   from the garden after the age of 6-8 months by means of cutting the sugar cane is then transported and the buds taken elsewhere. The harvesting of budchip sugarcane seeds   by cutting down the sugarcane has an impact on the remaining young cane stalks whose sugar content is too low, so it is not yet time to process them into sugar. The waste of sugarcane stalks collected is very large and has not been utilized. Budchip seed  collection on plant stands by using this tool, it is possible to get sugarcane that can still be harvested. This is a new hope for farmers to get income and double added value, namely from the selling value of seeds and milled sugarcane harvests.

The technology of the  sugarcane budchip tool  to obtain sugarcane seeds by taking the buds on the sugarcane stems from the plant stands in the field. So far, the harvesting of budchip sugarcane seeds   from the garden after the age of 6-8 months by means of cutting the sugar cane is then transported and the buds taken elsewhere. The harvesting of budchip sugarcane seeds   by cutting down the sugarcane has an impact on the remaining young cane stalks whose sugar content is too low, so it is not yet time to process them into sugar. The waste of sugarcane stalks collected is very large and has not been utilized. Budchip seed  collection on plant stands by using this tool, it is possible to get sugarcane that can still be harvested. This is a new hope for farmers to get income and double added value, namely from the selling value of seeds and milled sugarcane harvests. (Anjas)

For more details, see the article at the following link: Manual Type Cane Budchip Tool

Source: Research Institute for Sweeteners and Fibers (Balittas)

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