BOGOR, Estate Crops – Self sugar is able to meet the needs of the national sugar consumption through the production of sugar derived from sugar cane acreage of the people (252 166 ha) and private sugarcane acreage (198 131 ha). This was conveyed by the Head of R & D Agriculture Dr. Haryono in a paper entitled “Achieving self-sufficiency efforts of the National Sugar 2012” in front of the meeting participants AARD on Saturday May 26, 2012 in Bogor.
Ka Agency further said that the national sugar production in 2011 reached 2,228,591 tons of White Sugar Crystals (GKP), whereas estimates of sugar production in 2012 will reach 2,683,709 tons. Roadmap based on self sufficiency, the estimated national sugar requirement of 2.956 million tons in 2014, GKP.
Empirical data in the field are analyzed based on dynamical systems by AARD research team showed that the components of the lever is through increased production of sugar cane ratoon loading program 10, 15 and 20% of the total acreage of the people, the arrangement of varieties, organic fertilizer and irrigation system improvements .
Largest component is the loading lever ratoon expected to increase sugar production by 20% of productivity keprasan (RC) end. In scenario 10% of the unloading ratoon seedling needs during 2012 and 2013 reached 512 billion. In fact dpat amount is not yet fulfilled by the domestic sugar cane seeds.
Efforts to meet the needs of seedlings through the import can not solve the problems of availability of seeds in a short time, because the process of importing seed must meet several requirements, among others, free of pests and diseases. Before used in the land of farmers, seed imports also have to go through several tests, including seed isolation for 6 months, test the suitability of agro-ecosystem and adaptation trials in four locations in the dry land and paddy field in dry and wet climatic conditions.
If it meets the test requirements, the new seeds can be disseminated at farmers’ land. Thus the policy of import of seeds is very useful for long-term research and increase the genetic diversity of seed cane that can be produced with high productivity and yield as well as according to agro-ecological conditions of Indonesia.
Another scenario that can be done to reduce the need for large amounts of seed in a short time is to reduce ratoon unloading area, for example to 5% of the total acreage of the people which is about 12 600 ha. With this scenario the number of seeds required for 756 million. By 2013 the Center for Estate Crops Research and Development is able to provide 15 million seedlings from tissue culture, says Ka Agency.
To cover the shortfall in production due to reduction of the loading and ratoon, performed maintenance and intensification of ratoon system into 4 to 6 people on a sugar cane plantation area of 136 152 ha. Technology needs to be done is cut the roots that are not productive (PEDOT oyot) followed by administering 3 t / ha of manure, 1250 kg / ha of synthetic fertilizers, replanting and maintenance of plants.
At the end of his paper, he Agency expects that this scenario can be executed well, hopefully there is an incentive for farmers to carry out loading and intensification ratoon ratoon system. (Website Team)