Challenges And Planting Material Provision of Technology Readiness Support Increasing National Productivity of Black Pepper (Piper nigrum L.)

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ESTATE CROPS NEWS  – Low productivity of Indonesian black pepper is coused most farmers use low quality of black pepper seed. The use of improved seed quality is a key in improving crop productivity and farmers’ income. Yielding of black pepper varieties have been produced, but the distribution and adoption is still very limited.

Seed technology to generate superior-quality black pepper seeds using a cutting materials segment has sufficient available. Conventional seed garden produce stem cuttings material in limited quantities, so it is not able to supply the tremendous demand for black pepper seeds. Planting materials of black pepper sedd superior quality and in large quantities can be provided through the establishment of holding a mini orchard, the orchard with pepper stem spacing has been adjusted from 2.5 x 2.5 m to be come 0.5 x 1.0 m ( population 1600 tree per hectare to be come 20 000 tree), with potential results in one hectare each year by 432 000 cuttings of the segment, which is able to meet the needs of the seed for the development of an area of 198.8 ha.

Germplasm supporting and molecular marker techniques will help to repair properties of black pepper in the future. To encourage the provision of superior quality black pepper seeds need to be developed, decentralization establishment holding a mini garden black pepper and increase local government support.

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