ACTIVITIES – Indi Dharmayanti a researcher of Central Veterinary Research Institute stated in a seminar conducted in IAARD Jakarta on January 22, 2012 that Indonesian A/H5N1 influenza virus evolved into three groups of viral genetic code and the introduction of clade 2.3.2 viruses. The circulation of the H5N1 virus in Indonesia need to be watched out because it has become endemic. The possibility of continuing mutation or genetic reassortment between H5N1 and novel H1N1 virus and other influenza viruses such as H1N1/H3N2 seasonal flu will cause the H5N1 virus more adaptable to humans.
Outbreaks of bird flu have occurred since August 2003 and declined in 2006, but still found attacking chickens and broiler chickens, Basuna said in his paper entitled “The Impact of Plague AI (Avian Influenza) and the impact of control strategies to Social Economy of Small Scale Poultry Farmers in Indonesia “.
Meanwhile, other speaker in his paper entitled “The Impact of Avian Influenza on the Ducks against the Social Economy: A Review of Indicative” said that from October 2012 to January 2013, the spread of bird flu have occurred in 11 provinces in 69 districts / cities in Indonesia. Although the percentage of attacks is still low, but this condition needs to be watched out because it could heavily threaten the duck population in Indonesia, which is now reaching 49.4 million birds scattered in all Provinces with the pattern of extensive and semi-intensive maintenance.
Furthermore, this study suggest that the pattern of trade and the maintenance of fear would spread bird flu to a wider area, because the possibility of disease transmission between wild ducks and birds.
Direct economic losses when the bird flu outbreak in 2004-2005 was quite huge. However, in current condition, where the public already know that the bird flu is not a new thing, people already knows how to handle the infected birds. Thus, the impact on the larger economic losses can be reduced.
It has been predicted that impact of bird flu in ducks do not reduce demand since two market cases revealed that demand for meet and eggs of duck are not decreasing.
Impact on business sustainability on duck and chicken industries is not similar. The collapse duck farmers have difficulty to have capital and technical assistance to re-run their bussiness. Their require government’s roles through a systematic program and at the same time guide farmers to divert extensive effort into intensive and semi-intensive businesses. Thus, control of the disease through the application of biosecurity and vaccination is expected to be better. (Editorial)