The Potency of Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria as Enviromentally Friendly Biological Controller Agent of Estate Crops Diseases

Artikel Obat Berita Perkebunan

ESTATE CROPS NEWS – Estate crops is one of foreigh exchange producers that an be relied on in the globalization era. Therefore, the production of estate crops process requres means of production that is efficient and enviromentally friendly to raise the competitiveness in the global market.

Plant disease control by using biological control agent such as PGPR is necessary to be utilized in the estate crops enterprise that is environmentally friendly and sustainable. Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) is a bacterium that lives in the root and can produce antibiotic, as competitor, induce plant resistance to control pathogenic disease and pest and can secrete useful compounds for plant growth.

PGPR user can reduce the utilization of synthetic pesticide and inorganic fertilizer. The application of PGPR to control diseases in the estate crops such as pepper, tea, tobacco, and vanilla effective to control the main pathogens such as Phytophthora capsici, Phytophthora nicotianae, Fusarium oxysporum, Pseudomonas solanacearum, Rigidoporus lignosis, Exobasidium vexans, Tobaco Mosaic Virus and nematodes PGPR has the potency to reduce the pesticide utilization up to 50% and in the organic cultivation.

PGPR has been published could completely replace the pesticide utilization especially if it is used continuously. Indonesia is the second biggest ountry in the biological resources including PGPR. This potency is necessary to be deveveloped and utilized to build the estate crops that is environmentally friendly and sustainable. (/Mesak Tombe/Researchers at RISMC)

Sources : Perspektif of ICECRD Vol. 12 No. 2, Desember 2013

Download Fulltext : perkebunan_perspektif_vol1222013_4_Mesak.pdf

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