Coconut Rejuvenation Using Mapanget Tall Superior Varieties

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Mapanget  Tall comes from Mapanget Village , Dimember sub District , Minahasa District , North Sulawesi , resulted from positive mass selection of smallholder coconut in that area by Tames in 1926 .

Mapanget Tall comes from Mapanget Village , Dimember sub District , Minahasa District , North Sulawesi , resulted from positive mass selection of smallholder coconut in that area by Tames in 1926 .

Mapanget Tall had been released by Minister of Agriculture in 2004 through Minister Decree No. 132/ KPTS /SR.120/3/2004 dated 1 Maret 2004 . Until 2008 Sevelar provinces used this Variety for development in South Sulawesi , Gorontalo ,Central Sulawesi , North Sumatra , Maluku and Papua. The variety was also used as parent of seed orchard for Composite Superior Tall.

The application of coconut rejuvenation program is expected to be able to ensure Farmers’ income during the activity. Rejuvenation method recommended is “Fell in stages”.

The meaning of stages here is 20% per year. This method will not interfere with substitute plants and is the best technology from agronomic and farmers “income point of view” The opened land can be planted in between by maize, Peanut or soybean income from cropping system is very significant compared to coconut monoculture. Plant distance is 6 x 16 m (11g plants/ha ) using hedge system. Using this distance, intercrops can be planted to increase their income. It is better to plant early in rainy season with hole size 60X60X60 cm.

The age at coconut seedlings is minimum 6 month and maximum 8 month age of the plants. Fertilizers is used based on the age of the plants, put in canopy area with radius of 50 cm for 0-2 years age of plant, where at for 2- 3 years age, the radius is 100 cm. Fertilizer used twice a year , at the beginning and at the end of rainy season. Weeding is done every 2 months with 1 m radius for 0-2 years of plant age and 2 m radius for more than 2 years plant age.

Pest and disease monitoring using insecticide and fungicide every month to prevent the attract or the age of 0-1 year. For the age of more than 1 year, the usage of pesticide if only the attack is heavier.

Mapanget Tall starts to bear fruit at the age of 5 years. The fruits are round, the size medium and the colors of fruit skin is generally brownish red. Number fruits per bunch are 7. Number of fruits is 90/plant. The optimum copra production is 3,3 ton/year. The oil content is 62,95%. This variety is tolerant to longer drought and resistant to Phytopthora palmivora.

Application of cropping system coconut and maize could increase net income about Rp. 2.779.000,- compared to coconut monoculture (Rp. 1.319.000,-)

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