BOGOR, ICECRD – In efforts to achieve self-sufficiency in sugar, Indonesian Center for Estate Crops Research and Development ICECRD), Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development (IAARD), the Ministry of Agriculture, implement Technical Guidance Sugarcane Breeding 23-25 May 2011, at the ICECRD, Bogor. The technical guidance is followed by ± 60 researchers and technicians of IAARD.
In his speech, Head of ICECRD, Dr. M. Syakir, said that the background of this technical assistance activities in the effort to achieve sugar self-sufficiency program in 2014, where there are 13 provinces in Indonesia as the basis for development of sugarcane in 2012, namely: Aceh, North Sumatra, South Sumatra, Lampung, Jambi, West Java, Central Java, Yogyakarta, East Java, Gorontalo, West Kalimantan and Papua. In line to this program, the IAARD carried out technical guidance for researchers in preparation assistance of this strategic program.
Technical assistance was opened by the Head of IAAARD, Dr. Haryono. He provided direction related to the strategy of IAARD in achieving self-sufficiency in sugar. There are 3 important things that must be guarded by the IAARD to achieve self-sufficiency in sugar, which are: Increased productivity, increase the yield and area expansion.
Mr. Haryono said that the IAARD has developed high yielding varieties with the productivity of > 100 t / ha. Through mass propagation technology / Somatic embryogenesis (SE) this variety is starting to be produced. SE Laboratory and Micro-propagation that has been built at the site of Agriculture Campus, Cimanggu, Bogor, has a production capacity of 1 million plantlets / year and is the superior Seed Production Unit, especially sugar cane and is expected to accelerate the spread of cane seeds throughout the sugarcane planting area in the country.
He said that the technical guidance of the development of sugarcane breeding is an attempt to increase the capacity of human resources for more advanced and capable of supporting self-sufficiency in sugar. Researchers of the Indonesian for Agricultural Technology Assessment located in the area of sugarcane development got the first chance to this training. At the end of his remarks, he hoped that after the technical guidance all participants may cooperate with each other in carrying out this strategic program.
The subjects that were given during the activity were as follows:
- Research direction to support self-sufficiency in sugar (Dr. M. Syakir)
- Propagation of sugarcane through tissue culture (Dr. Ika Mariska)
- Performance of varieties and suitability of land for development of sugarcane in Indonesia (Ir. Purwono)
- Acclimatization and maintenance of seedlings from tissue culture (Dr. Eka Sugiyarta, M.Sc)
- Germination and development policies of sugarcane
- Management cane nurseries from tissue culture laboratory until ready for planting (Dr. Eka Sugiyarta)
- The practice of planting sugarcane tissue culture origin (G1, G2, G3) (Dr. Eka Sugiyarta, M.Sc.).
Field trip was carried out by visiting the Sugar Factory Rajawali II in Subang, West Java. In the location all participants had opportunities to see and learn in a real way of propagation of seedlings of sugarcane using tissue culture technology related to the multiplication of sugarcane G0, G1, G2, and G3 and processing sugar cane to produce sugar. The fieldtrip was completed by handing certificates to the participants then was closed by the head of Indonesian Center for Estate Crops Research and Development, represented by Prof. Dr. Ir. Elna Karmawati MS.