The contribution of agricultural commodities from plantation sector has been significant in terms of job opportunities and export earnings. Major plantation crops such as palm oil, rubber, coconut, sago, coffee, cacao and tea may ccontinue their significant contribution to the economy of many tropical countries. These countries will still dominate as the world’s leading producers of those plantation at least for the near future. Plantation and agricultural sectors are labour intensive and as these sectors are steadily expanding, a reliable work force requirement has become one of major issues resulting in huge dependency on capacity development to fulfill the rising need.
Human capital will always be major decisive factor in determining a plantation and agricultural organizations success and survival. The viability of plantation sector is greatly dependent on the availability and skill of its human resources. Training and academia related to the plantation industry have been identified as niche programs to ensure the sustainability of this sector. Mechanization of plantation operations is yet to solve many labour shortage problems besides being the alternative to improve productivity and quality of product.
Other innovations and technologies are also sought after the development and enhancement of the plantation industry. Plantation industries development must be engage with technology innovation that not only contribute to more socio-economic value but also maintain and improve sustainable agricultural ecosystem.