Technical Guidance on Formulation of Botanical Pesticide and Livestock Medicine

Aktifitas Puslitbangbun

YOGYAKARTA, ICECRD – Technical guidance was conducted at Shelter two, Gondang dua, Wukirsari, Cangkringan. The training was attended by 75 participants consisting of local villagers, 3 participants who had attended a similar technical guidance ever conducted on 2 – 3 April 2011 in the Sabrangwetan, but want to deepen their knowledge.

Technical guidance was also attended by a researcher BPTP Yogyakarta, Ir. Sardjono MS.

The guidance was began by evaluating the benefits of technical assistance that has been done in the Sabrangwetan, Wukirsari, Jogyakarta. Evaluation showed that the benefits of herbal have started to be felt.

 

For instant, weight of broiler chickens that usually each only reach 800-900 g, now in average can reach 1000 gr or even 1200kg within 2 months. Thus the provision of livestock medicine can increase the weight of 100-200 g. If the current price of chicken meat is around Rp. 28.000/kg, then the increase farmers’ income for each chicken is equivalent to ± Rp. 2.800-5.600.

Meanwhile, botanical pesticide has been produced by farmers, which is used to control pests on chili plants which proved effective at killing aphids and mites. However, this plant-based pesticide application still has not managed to improve plant growth, because the leaves of plants attacked by the pests still curly which is predicted to reduce crop production.

After the evaluation it is known that formula of plant-based pesticide is still not fully in accordance with what has been presented in the technical guidance. Some suggestions have been given to enhance usefulness of the formula, such as by adding a soap, kerosene /diesel, molasses/ sugar into the formula.

During the ongoing technical assistance, farmers were following the event enthusiastically. Various questions related to ways of preventing and curing animal diseases such as skin disease (mange, ulceration, and wound wet), bloating, and poor appetite were asked.

To answer a variety of technical issues, service learning students from Gajah Mada University had participated actively providing various useful inputs. In general, it was explained that to maintain the health of livestock, farmers have to regularly clean the cage, and feces should be collected and dried under the sunshine so that various germs die exposed to sunlight exposure.

To treat skin diseases the farmers were advised to use the ointment 88, skin ointments contain sulfur as the active compound which is used to treat skin diseases in humans. It was also informed that the use of herbal could reduce the smell of cattle dung, flies around the cage that can be a vector of skin diseases and can increase appetite.

Some problems raised and discussed during formulation and utilization of plant-based pesticides were how to control stem borer and coffee fruit, a disease that causes sudden death in banana plants, ulcer disease on the stems of plants albasia, as well as pest and disease attacking leaves and fruit of pepper plants .

Furthermore, particularly farmers are expecting a follow-up technical assistance in the form of aid a variety of seeds / seedlings of medicinal plants that could be grown as a Plant Family Medicine (TOGA) as well as could be used as active ingredients of botanical pesticide and animal medicine.

On this occasion, a student of Gajah Mada University Department of Pharmacy offers a cooperation activity, which the ICERCD provide seedling of medicinal plants, while the Gajah Mada University will assist the cultivation activities.

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