Adaptation Test of Superior Varieties Sugarcane in Dryland Agroecological Conditions

Estate Crops News – Selection of new superior varieties adapted to dry agroecology was a wise move to support the development of sugarcane. In general, the land thus fulfilled its water from the rain. Therefore we need a strategy for optimizing the production of sugarcane by eliminating barriers. In fiscal year 2012 research activities was  […]

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The Usage of Plastic Film for Kopyor Coconut Packaging

Estate Crops News – Kopyor coconut contains important nutrients, such as carbohydrates, protein, fat, and fatty acids. During storage kopyor coconut is easily suffered damage, because of oxidizing and fat hydrolysis processes. The processes cause kopyor coconut suffered rancidity and color change from white to brownish-yellow. Packaging kopyor coconut with plastic film and keep it […]

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Correlation Among Physical, Physiological Characters of Rhizome Type and Viability of Large White Ginger

Estate Crops News – One of the problems in the large white ginger production of (Zigiber officinale Rosc.) is high requirement for seed rhizome (+2 ton per ha). Efficiency of propagation materia has been carried out through research that aims to determine the initial character of rhizome related to seed viability of ginger rhizome and […]

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Callus Induction and Plant Regeration of Two Sugarcane Varieties (Saccharum officinarum L.) through In Vitro

Estate Crops News – Generally, sugarcane propagation was done by vegetative cuttings. The technique had limitation of producing seeds in a large scale. In order to increase productivity of sugarcane, it is required to provide sugarcane seeds in large scale.

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Growth and Crop Production as Well as the Farmer’s Income in Stepwise Replanting Pattern

Estate Crops News – The total area of small holders’ oil palms in Indonesia that must be replanted is 1.26 billion gectares or 35% of the national total area. Replanting of the oil plams is highly cost. The objective of study was to get a replanting pattern that is cheaper and more efficient. The research […]

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Field Performance of Cacao Somatic Embryos Derived Plants

Estate Crops News – Approximately 75 millions of cacao seedlings propagated through somatic embryogenesis (SE) have been planted in the field. Evaluation of the performance of those SE derived plants needs to be continued. The research aimed to evaluate the performance of the cacao SE derived plants in the field have been implemented in 8 […]

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The Effect of Gamma Irradiation on the Growth and Production of Small White Ginger

Estate Crops News – Genetic variability of ginger germplasm was low, therefore it was necessary to broaden genetic variability using gamma irradiation. Result showed that accession influenced radiosensitivity. Accession Halina 1 was more radiosensitive tha ZIOF 0048, indicated by LD50 of Halina 1 was 11.0693 Gy, lower than ZIOF 0048 13.4254 Gy.

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The Amethyst Plant (Datura metel L.) as Roaw Materials of Botanical Insecticides to Control Aspidorpha milliaris F.

Estate Crops News – Amethyst (Datura metel L.) is one of a potential plants used as raw material of botanical insecticides, but until now it had not been prived. The purposes of the research is to determine the potential of the amethyst as a botanical insecticide to Aspidomorpha milliaris F. (Coleoptera: Crysomelidae).

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Insecticidal Activity of Piper retrofractum Fruit Extract on Helopeltis antonii (Hemiptera; Miridae)

Estate Crops News – Helopeltis antonii is cocoa, tea, and cashew nuts importatnt pest that causes damage by sucking plant sap from shoots and nuts. This study was conducted to test toxicity of Piper retrofractum fruit extract on adults, sublethal effect on the production nymphal progeny, and persistence againts mortality and oviposition of H. antonii.

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The Dehydration and Freezing of Sugarcane Apex Tissues for Long-TErm Conservation

Estate Crops News – Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) is vegetativly propagated plant. Cryopreservation is the most suitable method for long-term preservation of vegetatively propagated plant. Dehydration and freezing are critical steps of successful cryopreservation so that it should be optimized.

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