Potency of Sago Palm as an Alternative for Raw Material of Biofuel
ESTATE CROPS NEWS – Indonesian is a country having the largest area of sago in the world. Sago is plant producing carbohydrate used as raw material of ethanol, therefore it has the largest potency to produce bio-ethanol as fossil fuel substitution.
In the past, development of sago plantation was still in a forest, with 95% area located in the East of Indonesia as the rest is in the West. The productivity is varies depends on age and location with the average of 90 to 700 kf per stem. If the productivity is 100 kg per stem with the population of 30 stems per ha, the total sago starch in Indonesia will be 6,84 millions ton per year. The constrains in development are plant material and cultivation technology, therefore their research and dissemination need to be incrased.
Beside to produce bioethanol, sago forest can absorb CO2 emission from tidal swamp, therefore Indonesia can earn carbon-trade ompensation. (/M. Syakir, and Elna Karmawati/Researchers at The Indonesian Center for Estate Crops Research and Development)
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